Educational methods were very different in the two cultures. In conflict these became more stark with the assumption now that Aboriginal people cannot learn as their learning is not supported in the school system.
Churinga is about the two types of schooling, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal. Many people now living in the Clarence River area grew up with both. An account of schooling early in the colonisation from the Daily Examiner
Within the non-Aboriginal school system, Aboriginal students were not expected to succeed, due to educational stereotypes The effect of these stereotypes were severe on Aboriginal student's schooling and future, and meant non-Aboriginal children learnt to be racist.